- National policy to phase out calving induction
- Improved breeding programs to lift fertility and support farmers through the policy change
- Learning from NZ approach
- Targeted assistance and advice to be provided to farmers impacted
Caring for cows is always a key priority for Australian dairy farmers and our industry. The industry is dedicated to providing a high standard of care
for our animals, and to changing practices when in the best interests of our livestock.
In April 2015, following a series of meetings and consultation with farmers, vets and processors the dairy industry agreed to phase-out routine calving
Australian Dairy Farmers (ADF), Dairy Australia, vets and processors have since been working on implementing the revised policy which is:
“ADF does not support routine calving induction and will work to phase it out through improved herd improvement practices, tools and technologies.”
Calving induction is already reducing in Australia and the dairy industry’s breeding programs such as InCalf and the improvement of fertility by genetic
selection are making a difference.
A Steering Group, including dairy farmers, representatives from the Australian Cattle Veterinarians, Dairy Australia and the Australian Dairy Products
Federation (ADPF), was established to progress the phase-out.
A data survey of veterinary practices performing inductions was undertaken in 2015. The results confirm estimates from previous farmer surveys that the
number of cows induced is declining. It is estimated that in 2015 less than 1.5% of the national herd were induced (approximately 24,000 cows) however
there is considerable variation between farms and regions.
The industry is now working to reduce even further the number of cows induced.
Target for 2016
After reviewing the 2015 induction data, ADFwill introduce a target for 2016 that routine calving induction will be limited to a maximum of 15% of cows
within a herd unless a dispensation has been granted.
The 15% limit will apply unless a fertility management plan has been implemented or dispensation is granted for exceptional circumstances beyond a farmers
control such as herd health issues, severe weather events (floods, fire), AB failure as well as other issues.
An ‘Oversight and Engagement’ Panel including representatives from ADF, the Australian Cattle Vets and ADPF has been formed. The panel, with support from
Dairy Australia, will establish guidelines and consider requests for exemptions exceeding the 15% target set for 2016. Whilst there is no legal requirement
on dairy farmers to achieve the 15% target the dairy industry is seeking to achieve industry-wide practice that is over and above the legal requirements
and is confident farmers will adopt the recommended voluntary industry targets as the phase-out progresses.
Farmers will apply to the Oversight and Engagement Panel via their vet for special dispensation to carry out inductions in excess of the 15% limit for
routine calving inductions.
The Steering Group will work with the Oversight and Engagement Panel to monitor progress and review the target each year in order to establish updated
Improving herd fertility is a fundamental requirement to reduce the need for routine calving induction and it also delivers many benefits for farm profitability
and resilience. The industry is working closely with veterinarians and reproduction advisors to ensure advice and services are available to assist
farmers with fertility management.
Industry programs such as InCalf, the Repro Right network and InCharge Workshops will be enhanced and the industry will provide targeted reproduction advice
to those farmers most in need.
The New Zealand dairy industry has phased out routine calving induction over a period of time and has banned the practice as of 1 June 2015. The industry
is liaising with counterparts in New Zealand to understand and learn from their approach; in particular the setting of annual limits with a dispensation
Late Calving Induction
A particular concern recognised by industry has been the use of late calving induction. ADF is aware that several veterinary practices no longer perform
late calving inductions, as they provide no reproductive benefit. Late inductions (performed within 4-6 weeks of the due calving date) provide no overall
reproductive benefit for the herd and should not be performed except for the welfare of the cow or her calf.
Early pregnancy testing is required by these practices to make sure late inductions are not occurring.
ADF will continue to consult with farmers, veterinarians, state organisations and other stakeholders to ensure that the timing, process and outcomes are
right for animals and farmers.
*Routine calving induction is all non-therapeutic inductions